Discovering Several Different Types Of Architectural Models

Discovering Several Different Types Of Architectural Models

by

TomTripp

There are many different types of architectural models, each of which hold their own specific uses and benefits. The architectural model has been with man since the beginning of the written word. They are as important to the form and function of design today as they have always been in the past.

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One type of model is the exhibition model. Exhibition models are designed to show cut away sections. These are most often used in sales presentations for new design and building materials. They are also helpful as an accurate scale visual for new flat developments or urban planning, in helping financiers preview the structure before it has been constructed.

Collector’s or gift models are usually compact and self-contained. In this instance a master model is first constructed using hard, high grade modeling wax. These typically have insets of both brass and plastic that has been etched or machine shaved to hold the proper form.

The completed master will then be approved for reproduction. It will then be molded in silicon rubber using a vacuum. This is then used as a mold for re-creations of the master. The end result can be finished or painted depending upon the intended design.

Landscaping models are generally built from scratch and usually commercially produced. These can be simplistic, especially when using landscape to display lands that battles are fought upon. They can also be very intricate and involve very exquisite details such as in the case of displaying golf courses for the sake of financing.

Architectural models have been used for numerous reasons since the dawn of man’s recorded history. They are useful museum displays as well as in the design process of buildings, monuments and battle weapons and ground. The different types of architectural models can be found by searching online. Here you will find a vast wealth of information that is useful for both the hobbyist and the developer.

About the Author: Tom Tripp has been working as an architect and designer and an architectural presentation specialist. He has won several awards in watercolor rendering and

architectural model

works. His renderings and

architectural models

are full of humanity and life.

Article Source:

Discovering Several Different Types Of Architectural Models



File:INDECT-400px.ogv

Leaked presentation video for the EU’s Project INDECT.

Project INDECT is part of the EU’s Seventh Framework Programme.

For intended usage see User:Brian McNeil/Project INDECT

Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time.

The following page links to this file:



Wikinews:Writing a Photo essay

While Wikinews features a variety of content, the project’s mainstay is the classic news article. However, wiki tools are ideally suited to constructing an article with the primary focus on photographs instead of text. This short essay is intended to guide people through the process of creating such an article. There is considerably less need to be intimately familiar with the style guide. Perhaps most critically, it is no longer required to write out the three paragraphs usually viewed as the minimum for an article, although you must still explain the context in which the photographs were taken as readers are not expected to know, regardless of how ‘big’ the event might be.

Key points from the more generalised essay on article construction still apply, namely:

Before starting, it might be helpful to look at some already published photoessays on wikinews (keeping in mind, older articles may not meet current review standards, including image copyright policy):

(Refresh)

All articles need a title. For detailed instructions on how to choose a title, see the style guide, but in general there are a couple of key points to remember:

Remember, titles can be changed. If you have a problem renaming an article you are working on, leave a note on the talk page with the {{flag}} or {{editprotected}} templates to call in help. Do explain what your preferred title is.

All articles start with a date template. This date reflects when the article is published (which may or may not be when the event took place). Generally:

The second form will automatically get turned into the first form when you save the page.

In most normal articles an infobox is used. These can interfere with the presentation of a photoessay, best to avoid.

You should write your introduction as soon as possible. Since you are writing a photoessay, this need not be the length of a normal article. However, you still must address the 5W and H (Who, What, When, Where, Why, and How) of your story. The introduction should also give context to the photos in your article — for an international audience. Its important that the audience know what the photos are about, and why the photographs are important or noteworthy. The introduction should also tell the reader what news event the essay is focused on. Remember that a photoessay is not just a random gallery of photos; it is also a news article, which must be reporting some specific event.

One of the goals of Wikinews, is to allow information to be dispersed, reused, modified, &c. (See the Wikipedia article on the Free Culture Movement for more information on the philosophical underpinnings). To this end, if you contribute to Wikinews, you must allow anyone to copy and modify your photos in their own derivative works. We use the website Wikimedia Commons to host our photos. As long as you have a unified account (See Special:MergeAccount to get one), your Wikinews login should work at Commons too (As well as Wikipedia, Wikibooks, and several other sites).

To upload an image at commons visit Commons:Upload and follow the instructions. Please make sure to give your images descriptive names (Dog_at_the_park_in_london_england.jpg is much more useful than picture012312142.jpg) and that you upload the highest resolution possible. If you are unsure if you did this correctly, feel free to ask a Wikinewsie in the chatroom (IRC).

Once your file is uploaded, you should be able to use it anywhere on Wikinews (and in several other places)

Note: if you wish to upload fair use/dealing images (which should not be used in photoessays) see Wikinews:Fair use.

All of these examples will use File:example.jpg. It should also be noted that you can prefix your images with Image: (Image:Example.jpg and File:example.jpg are equivalent).

The easiest way to add an image to your article is as follows

Which places the image on the right:

The first part File:Example.jpg specifies the image name. Then comes thumb, which specifies it should have a caption. Next is right, meaning it should be on the right of the screen (As opposed to say the left side, or centered). Then comes the size. 300px means that the image will be resized to be 300 pixels wide. Last is the caption. It can contain links, bold text, etc using normal wiki markup. If the image comes from elsewhere, credit to the original author should be added to this caption (if you are the original author, such credit is optional). Credit lines are added as follows (see image on left):

Galleries are a way to display several images. Example:

Makes this:

An example image

Another example

A caption with a link.

This allows user to see a summary of the images available, and then they can click on them to see larger versions. However since your article is primarily about the pictures, you may want to have bigger thumbnails:

Makes:

An example image

Another example

A caption with a link.

widths correspond to the widths of each box a picture takes up, heights corresponds to the height. Note, it is important to set both. perrow specifies the number of images per row. Last of all, you can also specify a caption for your gallery. You might use this to separate your gallery into different sections. (Note: you cannot use wikiformating in your caption with exception to links).

An example image

Another example

A caption with a link.

This is a method to display the images one at a time. For example

makes:

An Example Image (Caption for everyone)

Another example

The overall width parameter is the width of the whole box. This should be a little bit bigger than the image width, or the border will be crunched. This template can support a large number of images. In addition the tabs can change from being numbers to being any arbitrary text. For a complex example see the page source of Wikinews:Picture_of_the_Year_2008/round_1#Candidates. For more information on this template, see its documentation.

I’m adding this for completeness, but you probably should not use this on your article unless you’re really sure its a good idea.

It’s possible to create a picture slideshow on your article. For example:

Creates:

An Example Image (Caption for everyone)

Another example

engine=none specifies no transition (other choice is fade). speed=1.5 specifies 1.5x speed (you’d probably want it much slower on an article). Note it’s somewhat disorienting if the images change height. To work arround this, either make all the images the same height, or wrap each image in a div that has a specific height set. For example (using the fade transition):

makes:

An Example Image (Caption for everyone)

Another example

Which, as you’ll notice, does not bounce arround the text below it. It should be noted the fade transition is not as well tested. See {{ticker}} for more information.

Last of all, don’t forget to cite your sources. All information you add to the article must be sourced. If you came about your information through original reporting (for example, by asking people questions at the event), remember to tag your article with {{original}} and add notes to the talk page. See Wikinews:Original reporting for details on procedures involving original reporting.



California teacher arrested after photos indicated lewd acts on children

Wednesday, February 1, 2012 

An elementary school teacher of 30 years was arrested Monday in Los Angeles, California on the charge of 23 counts listed in the arrest warrant of performing a “lewd act on a child”.

The bail for Mark Berndt, 61, was raised from $2.3 million, which is $100,000 per count, to $23 million today. The original bail amount had been a mistake, said a spokesperson for the district attorney.

Authorities were tipped off by a photographic developer. The Los Angeles County Sheriff’s office said it had investigated and surveilled the teacher for almost a year before making the arrest. Capt. Mike Parker said photographic evidence collected from the suspect’s home is alleged to show children blindfolded with cockroaches crawling across their faces or children with a spoonful of liquid substance near their mouths. Parker also said a blue spoon was recovered from trash in the suspect’s classroom that “tested positive for semen.” Investigators from the special victims unit interviewed over 80 children and staff. Another ten children in the photographs — besides the 23 listed victims, then 6–10 years old — have not yet been identified. The investigations focused on the years between 2008 and 2010.

Berndt was fired from Miramonte Elementary in March 2011 but he had already been separated from students since the Los Angeles Unified School District found out about the investigation earlier that year.



Do You Need A Permit For Bathroom Remodeling?

By Dave Robert

For some bathroom remodeling projects, you need more than just the right skills and a well thought-out planyou need your towns permission to start and complete the renovation. Often, a permit is required to ensure that any changes will meet current building, electrical, plumbing, and fire codes. This helps protect the homeowner from unscrupulous contractors, or violations of safety regulations that may result in accidental property damage or injury, or liability when the house is sold.

The building permit is obtained from your local municipal planning department and works in two stages: (1) approval of the initial remodeling plan; and (2) certification that all work has been done satisfactorily.

How do I know if I need a permit in the first place?

This is the major question most people have when it comes to bathroom remodeling. If you’re making minor changes that can be easily reversed, or if the buildings infrastructure and systems are not significantly altered, a permit probably isnt necessary. Major improvements, however, such as re-wiring, new plumbing, construction or demolition, generally require official permission before work begins. If in doubt, talk to the planning department first: in many municipalities, the building inspectors are more than willing to explain whats needed to do the job correctly.

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To obtain a permit, you or your contractor will be asked to complete some forms, and supply sketches or architectural drawings, that detail the work to be done and materials used. This plan will then be reviewed by the planning department to see if it’s structurally sound and up to code. If not, you will be asked to revise it. Permit fees vary according to the projects size and projected cost.

How to create a plan that will pass inspection

If youre a relative novice doing the work yourself, discuss your ideas first with a bathroom-remodeling professional, or someone at the planning department, or a knowledgeable neighbor whos already been through the process. Once youve worked out the details, get cost estimates for your materials and any needed tools by checking out prices with local or online merchants. Any cost cutting your budget requires should not be at the expense of satisfying code requirements. Otherwise, your permit will not be issued.

If you hire a licensed contractor to do the work, he or she can help you fill out the permit application, or on large renovations, file it for you as part of the job.

The second stage of the approval process comes before the finishing work begins: the major alterations are complete but still exposed to view. An inspector comes to the site to see if everything has been done according to plan. If not, further modifications will be necessary before the project is approved.

At the end of your project, youll hopefully have added beauty, convenience, and value to your home. Youll also have the security, obtained through the permit-approval process, of knowing that the safety of your loved ones and possessions has been assured as well.

About the Author: Dave Robert is a district sales manager at Discount Bathroom Vanities Publishing, and an avid fixer-upper whos been restoring old houses for more than twenty years. Readers can tap into Daves knowledge about home remodeling, and kitchen and bathroom design, at:

DiscountBathroomVanities.com

Source:

isnare.com

Permanent Link:

isnare.com/?aid=191413&ca=Legal



400 Australian soldiers sent to Afghanistan

Sunday, August 20, 2006 

400 Australian soldiers have been officially farewelled at parade in Darwin, NT, ahead of their deployment to Afghanistan on Tuesday. Wishing the soldiers well, Defence Minister Brendan Nelson says there is a high risk associated with the mission.

“We know that this is a dangerous mission but it’s also an extremely important one,” he said. “They will go beginning this week and be deployed over the next few weeks.”

The group will work around the southern Oruzgan Province. Rising violence in the Taliban heartland province earlier this month prompted Australian Prime Minister John Howard to further strengthen the capability of the Reconstruction Task Force (RTF). Approximately 150 personnel will be added to the 240-strong force announced in May.

Defence says the RTF will form part of the Netherlands-led Provincial Reconstruction Team in the Oruzgan province under NATO.

More than 1800 people have been killed in fighting in Afghanistan this year, 92 of them foreign soldiers (12 being Canadian). A contingent of 190 Australian special forces, supported by a 110-member helicopter detachment, has suffered a steady flow of casualties since September year, with 11 wounded — a rate of one a month. The Age reports the Howard Government has “kept secret” how soldiers suffered the wounds, or the extent or nature of the wounds.

Dr Nelson said the soldiers would perform command, construction, communications intelligence, protection and logistics support. “We must stick with our allies and stand up for our values,” he said. He told the troops they would be “dealing with people who are fanatically opposed to our way of life and everything we stand for”.

Dr Nelson says the Australian contribution will also include skills training for the local population to “ensure the benefits of the deployment continue long after our personnel have returned home.”



File:INDECT-400px.ogv

Leaked presentation video for the EU’s Project INDECT.

Project INDECT is part of the EU’s Seventh Framework Programme.

For intended usage see User:Brian McNeil/Project INDECT

Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time.

The following page links to this file:



File:INDECT-400px.ogv

Leaked presentation video for the EU’s Project INDECT.

Project INDECT is part of the EU’s Seventh Framework Programme.

For intended usage see User:Brian McNeil/Project INDECT

Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time.

The following page links to this file:



Duplicate Prada Bags Content Articles

Duplicate Prada Bags Content Articles

by

Sylvia Bard

Test the content of the purse as very well. The handles of genuine Fendi purses are often made of leather. You can spot the pretend Fendi purse by locating synthetic leather-based or vinyl amongst resources.

Most Prada handbags are created of leather or finely textured nylon. The leather-based might be fine cow leather-based, gentle calf pores and skin and deer cover among other individuals. Components used on Prada purses is designed of superior excellent metal for toughness. A wide variety of kinds are out there such as tote, hobo, bowler, clutch and shoulder strap purses. prada bags appear in pretty much any colour of the rainbow from prosperous, warm tones to brilliant neon or essential black. In standard, Prada leather-based purses are the most pricey of Prada bags with costs from $250-$3000. Finely textured nylon luggage are priced from under $one hundred to a lot more than $five hundred.

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_________________________________________________Miuccia _______________1978 ___________________________________________________________

Article Source:

ArticleRich.com



US Air Force upgrades F-22 oxygen system after deadly crash

Wednesday, March 21, 2012 

The United States Air Force is replacing emergency oxygen handles on its 170 F-22 Raptor jet fighters. The move follows a report into a November 2010 crash that killed a pilot in Alaska.

The report finds Captain Jeffrey Haney’s death was partly due to aircraft design flaws. The experienced 31-year-old was on a night mission when his aircraft crashed nose-down among mountains. Planemaker Lockheed Martin now faces legal action from his widow Anna, which they vow to contest.

The report identified three separate problems with the ring handle to activate emergency oxygen. The first was that pulling the ring could require intense effort, the second that it was possible to drop the ring between seats, and the third that pilots in cold-weather gear could struggle to grasp it.

Now new handles have been designed in Arizona and the Air Force will place them on all of the $143 million aircraft. All 40 Raptors at Haney’s base, Joint Base Elmendorf-Richardson near Anchorage, have received the $47 upgrade. The Air Force bought 200 of them.

Haney’s death has been attributed by his employer as the result of his “channelized attention” on getting the main oxygen system to restart after it automatically cut out when it detected engine bay air leaks. This makes breathing through the jet’s mask difficult. The Air Force say he should have activated his emergency oxygen but the accident report and lawsuit question his ability to do so. The report notes he was conscious and fighting to keep his jet airbourne up until impact.

Documents filed with a court in Illinois claim the handle’s position is “in an area impossible for a pilot to reach while he or she maneuvered the sophisticated aircraft at speeds exceeding the speed of sound and while he or she experienced forces many times the force of gravity.”

The fatal accident is not the only such problem to beset the F-22, which despite being billed by the Air Force as their most advanced fighter has never been deployed to combat since coming into service seven years ago. Three other Joint Base Elmendorf-Richardson pilots activated emergency oxygen supplies during “physiological incidents” last month, said a spokesperson for the base. Raptors were grounded nationwide for five months last Summer over the oxygen systems.








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